Developing microwave-assisted ionic liquid microextraction for the detection and tracking of hydrophobic pesticides in complex environmental matrices

2019-11-06 08:41:22 adman 25
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Developing microwave-assisted ionic liquid microextraction for the detection and tracking of hydrophobic pesticides in complex environmental matrices

Jing Wang,  Jian Xiong,   Gary A. Baker,   Renee D. JiJib  and  Sheila N. Baker

Abstract

In the present study, we have developed a novel dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction (DLLME) based on microwave-assisted DLLME (MADLLME) usingionic liquidsfor the separation of environmentally-relevant pyrethroidpesticidesfrom various aqueous milieux.High-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) was employed for the detection and quantitative tracking of thepesticides. Six different ILs were preliminarily tested asextractionsolventsagainst four representative model pyrethroids. The optimization of the current method was derived by consideration of the dispersalsolvent,ionic liquidchoice,extractioncontainer material, aqueous-phase pH, and microwave conditions (particularly, the applied power and irradiation time). Optimal results were achieved usingmethanolas a dispersalsolventwith trioctylmethylammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([N8881][Tf2N]) as the extractionsolventat a microwave power of 200 W for 60 s. A number of spikedfoodsamples (e.g., honey, milk, assorted fruits) were also tested using MADLLME, with excellent recoveries achieved from these complex matrices as compared to DLLME alone.

Graphical abstract: Developing microwave-assisted ionic liquid microextraction for the detection and tracking of hydrophobic pesticides in complex environmental matrices




标签:  离子液体 TFSI-ILs LiTFSI 农药残留